Healthy Eyes, a charity dedicated to raising awareness of eye safety, says thousands of eye injuries are caused by flying objects, like wood chips and shards of metal.
People who work with such materials should ensure they protect their vision with a British or European Standard pair of safety goggles or full-face welding mask and goggles.
"The right course of action can make the difference between minor eye damage and permanent injury or even blindness," it says.
Grit, specs of dirt or even insects should be removed from the eye by pulling the upper eyelid down over the lower one and blinking repeatedly.
The eye can also be sluiced out with clean water or sterile eyewash.
Wearers of contact lenses should be especially aware of chemical splashes to their eyes.
In this event, the contact lenses should be removed immediately and the eye washed out with clean water for ten minutes. A visit to the hospital is also highly recommended.
The NHS comments that eye injuries are easily inflicted and important to treat properly because the cornea is only 0.5 mm thick.
by Adrian Galbreth