Screening may lead to more effective treatment for people suffering from nearsightedness, or myopia, new research has suggested.
A team led by Dr Kyoko Ohno-Matsui, from Tokyo Medical and Dental University, studied severely myopic patients over time, and found that in 40 per cent of them a condition known as myopic maculopathy became significantly worse.
The experts analysed the medical records of over 400 hospital patients who received comprehensive eye exams, including vision testing and specific myopia-tracking tests, at least once a year, and followed them for 12 years on average.
Explaining how screening may help to identify the condition and lead to more appropriate treatment, Dr Ohno-Matsui said: "Our findings suggest that a patient"s age, degree of nearsightedness, eye length and a specific abnormal bulging of the back surface of the eye may be important factors that affect the severity of myopic maculopathy."
Recently, results from the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes Eye Study, supported by the National Institutes of Health, indicate that studying the back of the eye may be a potential indicator of what is happening in other parts of the body.
by Alexa Kaczka