A study performed by Kaiser Permanente in California discovered that patients that have type 2 diabetes and have undergone a successful weight-loss surgery are less likely to develop problems and complications related to the eyes.
Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which blood sugar levels rise too high as the body is unable to use or make enough insulin, a hormone used to convert food into energy. When blood sugar falls back to a healthy level, it’s possible for diabetes to go into remission, which is what happened to many patients following their weight-loss operations.
Dr. Karen Coleman and her team, in an effort to better understand the link between diabetes remission and eye, kidney and nerve damage studied data from 4,683 adults with diabetes who had underwent weight-loss surgery from 2001 to 2011.
When the study began, the participating patients were an average age of 47 years old, most of whom were extremely obese. Approximately 44 percent had blood sugar levels considered to be unhealthy, and more than 70 percent had other medical problems like high blood pressure or high cholesterol.
The study found that compared to those who did not go into remission, those who did were 29 percent less likely to develop complications of diabetes like eye, kidney and nerve damage.
Each year of remission, without relapse, further reduced their risk of these complications by another 19 percent. According to Coleman, “Even small periods of remission could lead to less disability later in life.”